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2017年中国工商银行招聘考试英语部分真题及答案解析(四)

2017-08-16 15:48:44 | 阅读:  |  来源:
 
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阅读理解:
President Arling has put his long-awaited economic restructuring program before the Congress. It provides a coordinated program of investment credits, research grants, educational reforms, and tax changes designed to make American industry more competitive. This is necessary to reverse the economic slide into unemployment, lack of growth, and trade deficits that have plagued the economy for the past six years
The most liberal wing of the President's party has called for stronger and more direct action. They want an incomes policy to check inflation while Federal financing helps rebuild industry behind a wall of protective tariffs.
The Republicans, however, decry even the modest, graduated tax increases in the President's program. They Want tax cuts and a more open market. They say if Federal money has to be injected into the economy, let it through defence spending.
Both these alternatives ignore the unique nature of the economic problem before us. It is not simply a matter of markets or financing. The new technology allows vastly increased production for those able to master it. But it also threatens those who fail to adopt it with permanent second-class citizenship in the world economy. If an industry cannot lever itself up to the leading stage of technological advances, then it will not be able to compete effectively. I fit cannot do this, no amount of government protectionism or access to foreign markets can keep it profitable for long. Without the profits and experience of technological excellence to reinvest, that industry can only fall still further behind its foreign competitors.
So the crux is the technology and that is where the President's program focused. The danger is not that a plan will not be passed, it is that the ideologues of right and left will distort the bill with amendments that will blur its focus on technology. The economic restructuring plan should be passed intact. If we fail to restructure our economy now, we may not get a second chance.
16. The focus of the President's program is on ______.
A. investment
B. economy
C. technology
D. tax
17. What is the requirement of the most liberal wing of the Democratic Party?
A. They want a more direct action.
B. They want an incomes policy to check inflation.
C. They want to rebuild industry.
D. They want a wall of protective tariffs.
18. What is the editor's attitude?
A. Support.
B. Distaste.
C. Disapproval.
D. Compromise.
19. The danger to the plan lies in ______.
A. the two parties' objection
B. different ideas of the two parties about the plan
C. its passage
D. distortion
20. The passage is ______.
A. a review
B. a preface
C. an advertisement
D. an editorial
 
答案及解析:
16.C[解析] 通过第四段的"The new technology allows vastly increased production for those able to master it. But it also threatens those who fail to adopt it with permanent second-class citizenship…"及最后一段第一句"So the crux is the technology and that is where the President's program focused. "可以推出总统计划的要点在技术,C正确。
17.A[解析] 通过第二段的"The most liberal wing of the President's party has called for stronger and more direct action. They want an incomes policy to check inflation while Federal financing helps rebuild industry behind a wall of protective tariffs. "可知,B、C、D项都只是他们要求中的部分内容,不完整。本题正确答案为A。
18.A [解析] 通过最后两段可以看出评论者的观点,支持的理由和论点,A项正确。
19.D [解析] 通过最后一段的"The danger is not that a plan will not be passed,it is that the ideologues of right and left will distort the bill with amendments that will blur its focus on technology. The economic restructuring plan should be passed intact. "容易推出D项正确。
20.D[解析] 本题应注意社论和评论的区别:社论也是评论的一种,但它是报纸主编所撰,常常是有关国内外大事的评论。D项正确。
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